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Sports

Sports are an essential and important aspect of American society; they are indis

Sports are an essential and important aspect of American society; they are indispensible when it comes to their impact on a plethora of public arenas, including economics and the mass media. Sport coincides with community values and political agencies, as it attempts to define the morals and ethics attributed not only to athletes, but the totality of society as a whole. Fans of spectator sports find a reaffirmation of key societal values through sports, as they give meaning to their own lives. “By becoming fans, spectators engage in certain kinds of pleasures, fulfilling their own desires through fetishism, voyeurism, and narcissism
Here is my thesis statement this the direction I want the paper to go in, feel free to rewrite my thesis or change the wording. but it should be like this and go in this direction. Argue these main points, use only peer reviewed sources.

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Sports

Describe and list the results of your personal cardio respiratory assessment

Assignment #4 Instructions:
A warm-up is not Cardiorespiratory Training. It is a warm-up, movement that has a sole purpose to improve blood flow to the entire body and prepare the supporting systems for exercise. Therefore Cardiorespiratory training is a necessary independent component of fitness that must be addressed with the same vigor and assessment precision as a resistance training program. Cardiorespiratory fitness can be improved via a variety of exercise components and modalities, but the similar factor within that exercise is the consistent elevation of heart rate, for an extended period of time, which meets the ACSM’s recommendations for improvement of cardiorespiratory fitness. The elevated heart rate must be a direct result of repeated large muscle contractions, causing the coordination of heart and lungs to produce energy and movement. For this assignment you will measure your personal level of cardiorespiratory fitness. Using the NASM protocols for cardiorespiratory assessment and the attached Labs 3.1-1 through 3.2-3, as criteria for assessment.
Assignment #4 WK6
Describe and list the results of your personal cardio respiratory assessment. Your results should include: all elements listed on the document titled “CPT7_cardio_assessment_template” including your fitness ratings. In your descriiption of your results explain why you think you displayed these fitness rating results. Does your lifestyle contribute to your rating? Why? Why not?
Based on your results and fitness rating, develop a Cardiorespiratory exercise program.
Use the attached Assignment 4 WK6 Template to assist you with layout. Within your assignment use a combination of narrative & any templates charts/graphs that you think are appropriate (see assignment attachments noted within the instructions).

Requirements:
The narrative of your paper should be a minimum of 3 written pages (not including title page and reference page); charts or tables will enhance your project but will not count toward your total page count. Please support the rationale for your thoughts and opinions. Cite the sources of any definitions or ideas that are not your own using appropriate academic sources (minimum of 2 References – required readings as sources are allowed and encouraged).

Formatting:
The writing component must meet all rules of APA formatting (7th edition)
title page
headings: See outline above for heading title ideas
page numbers
in-text citations
reference page
Including the title and reference pages, your entire submission will be no shorter than 5 pages.
**Also, please refer to our APUS Library for help with APA formatting. And the Perdue Owl: https://owl.purdue.edu/owl/research_and_citation/apa_style/apa_formatting_and_style_guide/general_format.html
Please use your NASM text readings (both in class and via NASM.org), the NASM forms (attached), and any other peer-reviewed/scientific resources you may find as reference material for this assignment. Our APUS Library Search Engines are a good place to begin.
Please refer to the attached rubric for additional details and guidance.
There are several ways to incorporate a Template/Table into your WORD document; a few hints:
If you are unsure of how to do this -the easiest way is to complete your template on one document, then take a screenshot (I use a Mac & the command for screenshot is command+shift+4, which then gets saved as a pic. On a PC, there is often a “print screen” button which actually saves the screenshot to your desktop OR to a clipboard for you to paste in a word doc), open and copy the picture, then paste it into the document in the appropriate spot.
Please refer to the attached rubric for additional details and guidance.

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Sports

What differences did you observe between the theories you learned

Recall a situation or event that took place during your internship that required you to call upon your academic training. In your paper, address the following questions:
What was the situation or event and your role?
Was it a constructive experience for you and the organization? Explain why or why not.
What elements of your education were you able to call on to assist in your duties? Be specific regarding your academic experience.
What differences did you observe between the theories you learned in the classroom and the workplace practices? This informs Section II, Parts A and C, of Final Project Part One.

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Sports

During the term, you should find an organized youth sporting event (must be a co

During the term, you should find an organized youth sporting event (must be a competitive game, meet, or match) to attend. The participants in this event should not yet be in junior high school…preferably younger than 12 years old. When dealing with youth sports from a sociological perspective, relationships become the primary focus of attention. As an outsider observing the event, you should take special notice of the topics we’ve covered in class (i.e. parent interaction, the emphasis on competition, etc.), and the following relationships:
• Player – Player (teammates, opponents, on the bench, etc.)
• Coach – Player
• Parents – Players
• Spectators – Players
• Spectators – Coaches
• Spectators – Spectators
• Referees – Players
• Referees – Coaches
• Referees – Spectators
• Coaches – Coaches
While observing, look for the following in the above relationships:
• How often do they interact?
• Who initiates the interaction?
• What is the content of the interaction?
• What is the impact of the interaction on those involved?
• How do players respond to or deal with adult control?
You might also think about the overall phenomenon of youth sports, by considering the following:
• What do players and spectators learn in connection with youth sports?
• Why are the games so important to many people?
• What ideas about masculinity and femininity are highlighted in connection with the sport?
• Do boys/girls attend? What do they do? What do boys/girls do who are not on the field/court? What do players do before, after, and between games?
• What do you think is being learned by the children who are playing? What about the other children in attendance?
• Are there any social dynamics related to social class or race and ethnicity during the event? Is it expensive to play this sport? How is the program and participation funded?
In order to make writing your paper easier, I recommend taking notes during the event which you can refer back to.
After observing the youth sporting event, you should write a 3-4 page paper discussing your observations and reflections on sociological issues within youth sports. As you write the paper, you should follow the below format:
1. Introduction
a. Explain the event you observed. Provide details such as the age, gender, location, sport, etc. of the participants.
b. Provide an introduction and foundation for your observations and reflections. In short, you should provide a “road map” your paper will follow.
2. Observations
a. Discuss what you observed. Be as detailed as possible, giving specific examples and events. Be careful not to over generalize…if you wish to generalize, use specific examples to draw those generalizations.
3. Reflections
a. Discuss your reflections and thoughts about the event. How does what you observed relate back to sociological topics discussed in this course? Did your observations surprise you?
b. Choose at least one of the three theories discussed in Chapter 2 of your text. Then, explain your observations and reflections from that theoretical perspective.
4. Conclusion
a. Provide a brief explanation of what you will take away from this experience.
b. Summarize and conclude your paper.
The Youth Sport Observation Project will be due during Week 6. The rubric below will be utilized in grading the Youth Sport Observation Project:

Categories
Sports

In your final assignment, you will create a MS PowerPoint presentation to be dis

In your final assignment, you will create a MS PowerPoint presentation to be displayed to individuals who are employed by an athletic facility for training and rehabilitating athletes as well as coaches. For examples, an athletic facility’s name could be: City Gym, County Fitness Center, Cove’s Sports Facility. It is essential for employees (e.g., owner) to create a code of ethics for this athletic facility (i.e., organization) as a whole, as well as the code of ethics for three (3) departments (i.e., see list of six presented in next paragraph) within the organization. These codes of ethics will be the foundation upon which the athletic facility operates (i.e., conducts business). Please be sure the codes of ethics developed for this presentation (i.e., assignment) are original. Avoid presenting codes of ethics directly quoted from any existing organization.
This athletic facility provides consumers (i.e., athletes and coaches) access to the following departments (i.e., areas): 1. physical fitness (e.g., weights, cardio), 2. physical injury rehabilitation, 3. athletic training (https://www.nata.org/), 4. nutrition, 5. community outreach, and 6. mental toughness (i.e. mental training – sport psychology). In your final project (i.e., Week 8 assignment), you will be creating:
I. code of ethics for their organization (i.e., athletic facility) as a whole, as well as
II. the code of ethics for three (3) of the six (6) aforementioned departments within the organization.
The completed PowerPoint presentation should contain at least 10 slides, not including the title and reference slide. Be sure to provide an explanation of your code of ethics, including the importance of having a code of ethics for the athletic facility (i.e., athletes and coaches). This information should be presented in the NOTES section of the MS PowerPoint presentation and NOT included on the actual slides. Information regarding NOTES is presented below. The final MS PowerPoint presentation should include:
Title slide
Table of Contents
Athletic Facility’s Descriiption (see Week 3 Assignment – use information from this assignment, if presented correctly. – Please review Week 3 Assignment’s comments/feedback submitted with a student’s grade). – You are employed (e.g., owner, employee) with the athletic facility.
Personal Biography (see Week 3 Assignment – use information from this assignment, if presented correctly. – Please review Week 3 Assignment’s comments/feedback submitted with a student’s grade). All slides for this assignment should be written in the third person and should not include words like “I” or “My.”
Code of ethics for their organization (i.e., athletic facility) as a whole. You may present several slides in order to provide pertinent information to your audience.
The code of ethics for three (3) of the six (6) aforementioned departments (see list provided above) within the organization. Present each department’s code of ethics on a separate slide. Include at least three (3) code of ethics (i.e., rules and policies that govern) for each department. You may present several slides in order to provide pertinent information to your audience.
Conclusion
Reference(s)
In addition, the completed presentation needs to include at least one video (e.g., YouTube) that covers the importance of having a code of ethics and/or the role of ethics in sports. When identifying the video in the presentation, just insert the web link on the slide. APUS has size restrictions on uploads, and incorporating the video into the presentation will often make the PowerPoint file too large.
Please be sure to review the PowerPoint do’s and dont’s document that is attached. Remember, the PowerPoint presentation must include a Notes section. The Notes section should be the scriipt you will use for your slides within the final PowerPoint presentation such that if you were unable to make the presentation, someone else could make the presentation by reading what you’ve written in the NOTES section. Notes are placed on the same slide (i.e., beneath) information being presented pertaining to a specific area of the final presentation. See “Click to add notes” at bottom of slide – notes will be placed in this area. Suggestion – use PowerPoint “help” to review instructions for inserting “notes” using your specific version of PowerPoint. If Notes are not included within the same slide, a 15-point deduction will be assessed prior to reviewing a student’s submission.
Here is an example.
A minimum of five (5) references should be displayed in APA format. In addition, all references should be cited either on your slides or in the Notes section.
References
DeSensi, J. T., & Rosenberg, D. (2010). Ethics and morality in sport management (3rd ed.). Fitness Information Technology.
https://saylordotorg.github.io/text_corporate-governance/s08-08-codes-of-ethics-and-codes-of-c.html
https://resources.saylor.org/wwwresources/archived/site/textbooks/The%20Business%20Ethics%20Workshop.pdf
DeSensi, J. T., & Rosenberg, D. (2010). Ethics and morality in sport management (3rd ed.). Fitness Information Technology.

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Sports

1) Read the “Executing a Successful Press Conference” document and “Arranging a

1) Read the “Executing a Successful Press Conference” document and “Arranging a Press Conference” webpage located in Course Materials inside the Week 2 folder.
2) View a televised/online press conference of your choice.
3) While viewing the press conference make notes about your observations including some of the things mentioned in the document you read (some things may not relate).
4) Submit a summary that describes your observations, thoughts, and any areas that you believe were executed well and/or suggestions for improvements. Your summary should be 1-2 pages double-spaced and reference the material discussed in Executing a Successful Press Conference” document and “Arranging a Press Conference.”

Categories
Sports

reply to 4 students using 125 words or more towards each student and ADD a direc

reply to 4 students using 125 words or more towards each student and ADD a direct question to each reply. Ensure each name is with its corresponding reply.
1st Student Patrice Mbang On
Risks have significant potential to impact a capital budget. One risk occurs when cash flows are not paid within the agreed time. Delayed cash flows can cause an organization to have minimal funds for the intended investments (Siziba & Hall, 2021). This risk forces the organization to prolong the undertaking of the investment as it awaits the cash flows. Another risk is the investee company collapsing. When the business entity in which an investment is made collapses, the investment can be revoked or deemed redundant. It may culminate in losses or compensation that is lower than the initial investment to the investor. Last but not least, there exists the risk of management sinking the invested funds in risky projects. The investments can be so risky that it is almost certain that there will be no Return on Investment (ROI).
Risk mitigation aimed at attracting capital investors to a sports project demands the adoption of risks premiums. These are discount rates added to risk-free borrowing rates (Gleißner, 2019). They guarantee that the returns on riskier projects will be higher for the investors. The use of certainty equivalents are also appropriate as they determine the degree of risk associated with future cash flows. They help in converting expected future cash flows into certain cash flows, providing a true picture of future events regarding cash flows. Specifying reasonable payback periods can convince the investors. This is the time it will take the sports projects to pay the investors the money they invested. The returns of the projects should not fall beyond the time limit because it will portray the riskiness of the investment.

References
Gleißner, W. (2019). Cost of capital and probability of default in value-based risk management. Management Research Review, 42(11), 1243-1258. https://doi.org/10.1108/mrr-11-2018-0456
Siziba, S., & Hall, J. H. (2021). The evolution of the application of capital budgeting techniques in enterprises. Global Finance Journal, 47, 100504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfj.2019.100504
2nd Student Zachary Rasp
As mentioned, the global economy has had a big impact on how investors move forward with investing. There’s risk involved in every move we make so being able to mitigate risk provides help for investors. One issue investor may see in the capital budget is the cash flow. If budget showcases a questionable cash flow, they may lean another way. The cash flow should be stout and accumulated perfectly on time. Using a sensitivity analysis could show the investors that cash flow is not going to change and that the return will always be on time. “To encourage investors to invest their funds into risky projects, the returns from such projects should be higher than returns from less risky investments such as treasury bonds. A risk premium is a discount rate that is added to the risk-free rate of borrowing. The risk-free rate is the rate of return of low-risk investments such as government-backed securities. The investments are then appraised using the resulting discount rate. Investments that offer better returns are chosen.” (Adams, 2022) A better bang for each investors buck is important and the returns must meet their times set. Each risk taken should be calculated and evidence should be provided that it’s worth it for the investors. These risk can be things such as the markets risk and each individual project risk. Although a stadium being built is one huge project there’s a ton of smaller project risk that may go along with it that have their own issues. The capital budget should provide evidence that each risk is worth it and brings in a good rate of return.

Zach
https://smallbusiness.chron.com/factors-increase-riskiness-capital-budgeting-project-15829.html
https://smallbusiness.chron.com/types-project-appraisal-methodologies-14716.html
3rd Student jeremy shelton
In the current world that we are in, risk is a huge factor when it comes to investing in any sort of large project. A capital budget can help identify the risks associated with a potential project while projecting potential costs that also come with it and assist investors in making the right choice for their company. “Capital budgeting is the process a business undertakes to evaluate potential major projects or investments. Construction of a new plant or a big investment in an outside venture are examples of projects that would require capital budgeting before they are approved or rejected.” (Kenton, 2022). The best way to portray this to sports is in a scenario where a new stadium or athletic facility is being built that will cost millions to construct. Risk can be mitigated to attract investors by ensuring that they will have a guaranteed return on their investment regardless of our risk. “Investors try to avoid risk. To encourage investors to invest their funds into risky projects, the returns from such projects should be higher than returns from less risky investments such as treasury bonds. A risk premium is a discount rate that is added to the risk-free rate of borrowing. The risk-free rate is the rate of return of low-risk investments such as government-backed securities. The investments are then appraised using the resulting discount rate. Investments that offer better returns are chosen.” (Adams, 2016). Giving the investors that security blanket of funds that will be returned to them while projecting bigger returns on the project is something that can help them feel the warm and fuzzy and pull the trigger on joining us on this adventure.
Jeremy Shelton
References
Kenton, W. (2022, September 26). Capital budgeting: What it is and methods of analysis. Investopedia. Retrieved January 10, 2023, from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/capitalbudgeting.asp
Adams, D. (2016, October 26). The best ways to incorporate risk into capital budgeting. Small Business – Chron.com. Retrieved January 10, 2023, from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/ways-incorporate-risk-capital-budgeting-15317.html
4th Student Patrice Sixoeight
The Uniform Athlete Agents Act (UAAA) is a state law. This is because it was created by the urging of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in 2000 as a state legislation body (Lens, 2020).
The UAAA applies to athlete agents. It regulates their conduct and requires them to register with a state authority. This requirement is to grant them permission to act on behalf of the athletes in the particular state.
It is a requirement to register under the UAAA in Texas. According to the Occupations Code in Chapter 2051, contacting an athlete, whether directly or indirectly, and entering into contracts requires an agent to have registered.
The Secretary of State has the right to issue the certification to the athlete agents. No tests are required. The Secretary of State reviews the applications of the agents and grants a certificate of registration to successful applicants (Masteralexis, 2020).
The UAAA has the authority to revoke contracts between athletes and agents who have not been registered. They can also issue a penalty of up to $50,000 to the agents for violating the Act.
The Act allows athletes to cancel contracts with unregistered agents within 14 days. The duration is from the time of signing the contract and the athletes are not required to give any reasons for cancellation.
An athlete agent may not intentionally:
Fail to registered when required by Section 4.
Predate or postdate an agency contract.
Provide misleading or false information in an application for registration or renewal registration.

References
Lens, J. (2020). Application of the UAAA, RUAAA, and State Athlete-Agent Laws to Corruption in Men’s College Basketball and Revisions Necessitated by NCAA Rule Changes. Marq. Sports L. Rev, 30(47).
Masteralexis, L. P. (2020). The law of agency and athlete agents. Sport Law, 197-225. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429322365-8

Categories
Sports

reply to 4 students using 125 words or more towards each student and ADD a direc

reply to 4 students using 125 words or more towards each student and ADD a direct question to each reply. Ensure each name is with its corresponding reply.
1st Student Patrice Mbang On
Risks have significant potential to impact a capital budget. One risk occurs when cash flows are not paid within the agreed time. Delayed cash flows can cause an organization to have minimal funds for the intended investments (Siziba & Hall, 2021). This risk forces the organization to prolong the undertaking of the investment as it awaits the cash flows. Another risk is the investee company collapsing. When the business entity in which an investment is made collapses, the investment can be revoked or deemed redundant. It may culminate in losses or compensation that is lower than the initial investment to the investor. Last but not least, there exists the risk of management sinking the invested funds in risky projects. The investments can be so risky that it is almost certain that there will be no Return on Investment (ROI).
Risk mitigation aimed at attracting capital investors to a sports project demands the adoption of risks premiums. These are discount rates added to risk-free borrowing rates (Gleißner, 2019). They guarantee that the returns on riskier projects will be higher for the investors. The use of certainty equivalents are also appropriate as they determine the degree of risk associated with future cash flows. They help in converting expected future cash flows into certain cash flows, providing a true picture of future events regarding cash flows. Specifying reasonable payback periods can convince the investors. This is the time it will take the sports projects to pay the investors the money they invested. The returns of the projects should not fall beyond the time limit because it will portray the riskiness of the investment.

References
Gleißner, W. (2019). Cost of capital and probability of default in value-based risk management. Management Research Review, 42(11), 1243-1258. https://doi.org/10.1108/mrr-11-2018-0456
Siziba, S., & Hall, J. H. (2021). The evolution of the application of capital budgeting techniques in enterprises. Global Finance Journal, 47, 100504. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfj.2019.100504
2nd Student Zachary Rasp
As mentioned, the global economy has had a big impact on how investors move forward with investing. There’s risk involved in every move we make so being able to mitigate risk provides help for investors. One issue investor may see in the capital budget is the cash flow. If budget showcases a questionable cash flow, they may lean another way. The cash flow should be stout and accumulated perfectly on time. Using a sensitivity analysis could show the investors that cash flow is not going to change and that the return will always be on time. “To encourage investors to invest their funds into risky projects, the returns from such projects should be higher than returns from less risky investments such as treasury bonds. A risk premium is a discount rate that is added to the risk-free rate of borrowing. The risk-free rate is the rate of return of low-risk investments such as government-backed securities. The investments are then appraised using the resulting discount rate. Investments that offer better returns are chosen.” (Adams, 2022) A better bang for each investors buck is important and the returns must meet their times set. Each risk taken should be calculated and evidence should be provided that it’s worth it for the investors. These risk can be things such as the markets risk and each individual project risk. Although a stadium being built is one huge project there’s a ton of smaller project risk that may go along with it that have their own issues. The capital budget should provide evidence that each risk is worth it and brings in a good rate of return.

Zach
https://smallbusiness.chron.com/factors-increase-riskiness-capital-budgeting-project-15829.html
https://smallbusiness.chron.com/types-project-appraisal-methodologies-14716.html
3rd Student jeremy shelton
In the current world that we are in, risk is a huge factor when it comes to investing in any sort of large project. A capital budget can help identify the risks associated with a potential project while projecting potential costs that also come with it and assist investors in making the right choice for their company. “Capital budgeting is the process a business undertakes to evaluate potential major projects or investments. Construction of a new plant or a big investment in an outside venture are examples of projects that would require capital budgeting before they are approved or rejected.” (Kenton, 2022). The best way to portray this to sports is in a scenario where a new stadium or athletic facility is being built that will cost millions to construct. Risk can be mitigated to attract investors by ensuring that they will have a guaranteed return on their investment regardless of our risk. “Investors try to avoid risk. To encourage investors to invest their funds into risky projects, the returns from such projects should be higher than returns from less risky investments such as treasury bonds. A risk premium is a discount rate that is added to the risk-free rate of borrowing. The risk-free rate is the rate of return of low-risk investments such as government-backed securities. The investments are then appraised using the resulting discount rate. Investments that offer better returns are chosen.” (Adams, 2016). Giving the investors that security blanket of funds that will be returned to them while projecting bigger returns on the project is something that can help them feel the warm and fuzzy and pull the trigger on joining us on this adventure.
Jeremy Shelton
References
Kenton, W. (2022, September 26). Capital budgeting: What it is and methods of analysis. Investopedia. Retrieved January 10, 2023, from https://www.investopedia.com/terms/c/capitalbudgeting.asp
Adams, D. (2016, October 26). The best ways to incorporate risk into capital budgeting. Small Business – Chron.com. Retrieved January 10, 2023, from https://smallbusiness.chron.com/ways-incorporate-risk-capital-budgeting-15317.html
4th Student Patrice Sixoeight
The Uniform Athlete Agents Act (UAAA) is a state law. This is because it was created by the urging of the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) in 2000 as a state legislation body (Lens, 2020).
The UAAA applies to athlete agents. It regulates their conduct and requires them to register with a state authority. This requirement is to grant them permission to act on behalf of the athletes in the particular state.
It is a requirement to register under the UAAA in Texas. According to the Occupations Code in Chapter 2051, contacting an athlete, whether directly or indirectly, and entering into contracts requires an agent to have registered.
The Secretary of State has the right to issue the certification to the athlete agents. No tests are required. The Secretary of State reviews the applications of the agents and grants a certificate of registration to successful applicants (Masteralexis, 2020).
The UAAA has the authority to revoke contracts between athletes and agents who have not been registered. They can also issue a penalty of up to $50,000 to the agents for violating the Act.
The Act allows athletes to cancel contracts with unregistered agents within 14 days. The duration is from the time of signing the contract and the athletes are not required to give any reasons for cancellation.
An athlete agent may not intentionally:
Fail to registered when required by Section 4.
Predate or postdate an agency contract.
Provide misleading or false information in an application for registration or renewal registration.

References
Lens, J. (2020). Application of the UAAA, RUAAA, and State Athlete-Agent Laws to Corruption in Men’s College Basketball and Revisions Necessitated by NCAA Rule Changes. Marq. Sports L. Rev, 30(47).
Masteralexis, L. P. (2020). The law of agency and athlete agents. Sport Law, 197-225. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780429322365-8

Categories
Sports

Using the assignment from week 3, create an introduction to the topic. I have ch

Using the assignment from week 3, create an introduction to the topic. I have chosen my reason to be “why I am pursuing a Master in education sports administration.” Please review the assignment in the attachment and the resources provided to tweek where you see necessary. Below I am providing the instruction for the assignment which follows..
This week, you will write a well-developed introduction. The purpose of the introduction is to introduce the context of your area of interest (main topic), then two to three related areas (subtopics). These should be supported by one or more selected research resources. Then, you will summarize the points and conclude with a clear thesis that tells the reader about the proposed paper (scope and sequence). This should follow the above suggestions in that it should be three to five paragraphs supported by at least one scholarly resource.
Length: 1+ pages, not including title and reference pages
References: Include a minimum of 1 scholarly resource

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Sports

Argumentation paper – 5-6 page argument (not including works cited page) based o

Argumentation paper – 5-6 page argument (not including works cited page) based on topic research. Needs enough research to support the argument. A counter-argument needs to be made. Works cited page should only list the works referenced in the paper. Double-spaced 12-point Times New Roman, indented paragraphs, 1 inch margins. MLA format, page numbers in upper right hand corner. At least 4 sources. No Wikipedia or any other encyclopedia. I attached my outline.