Categories
Philosophy : Philosophy

QUESTION: Consider ‘childhood’ and associated perceptions of childhood. At the a

QUESTION: Consider ‘childhood’ and associated perceptions of childhood. At the age of 12, the ‘cogito’ is established, wherein the child reaches truths through rationalization, becoming aware of their being. Prior to the formation of the cogito, how does the child operate in the world?
FURTHER: How does this relate to the concept of solipsism?
KEY INTERPRETATIVE CONSTRUCT:
“We all have our little solipsistic delusions, ghastly intuitions of utter singularity: that we are the only one in the house who ever fills the ice-cube tray, who unloads the clean dishwasher, who occasionally pees in the shower, whose eyelid twitches on first dates; that only we take casualness terribly seriously; that only we fashion supplication into courtesy; that only we hear the whiny pathos in a dog’s yawn, the timeless sigh in the opening of the hermetically-sealed jar, the splattered laugh in the frying egg, the minor-D lament in the vacuum’s scream; that only we feel the panic at sunset the rookie kindergartner feels at his mother’s retreat. That only we love the only-we. That only we need the only-we. Solipsism binds us together […]. That we feel lonely in a crowd; stop not to dwell on what’s brought the crowd into being. That we are, always, faces in a crowd.”
                                                                                                      -David Foster Wallace
Please answer the above questions. This assignment requires you to respond in 200 words.

Categories
Philosophy : Philosophy

Essay on a nontraditional or nonwestern system of ethics.

700-word essay on a nontraditional or nonwestern system of ethics. identifying any distinctive features.

Categories
Philosophy : Philosophy

What role  do close personal relationships play in the philosophies of Epicurus and Epictetus?

What, according to Epicurus, is the good for each person?  What, according to later Stoics like Epictetus, is the good for each person?  How do these later conceptions of the good for each person differ from Aristotle’s conception of the good for each person?  What role  do close personal relationships play in the philosophies of Epicurus and Epictetus?  How do these later conceptions of the good differ from Aristotle’s conception?  Is it fair to think that Aristotle is an optimist when it comes to living a good life whereas Epicurus and Epictetus tend to be pessimistic? Lastly, do you find any of their views persuasive, and why or why not?

Categories
Philosophy : Philosophy

Distinguish the basic concepts of moral and political philosophy

Distinguish the basic concepts of moral and political philosophy:
Please pick one of the following questions to answer for the forum this week:
1. Jeremy Bentham argued that when we think about whether someone/something ought to count morally that ” The question is not, Can they reason? nor, Can they talk? but, Can they suffer?” a.) Why would it make sense for a utilitarian like Bentham to make such a statement? b.) Do you think that he’s right about the ability to suffer as what we ought to look at when we’re thinking about whether someone/something counts morally? c.) If we took this seriously what would it mean for our treatment of non-human animals?
2. Immanuel Kant’s moral philosophy is extremely strict about what we ought and ought not do. So strict that he argued that it is always and everywhere wrong to lie. a.) Explain why Kant thought that lying was always wrong using the categorical imperative as a guide. b.) Explain whether you think Kant was right or wrong about this lying business and make sure to use clear examples to help your explanation along. If he was wrong, what’s an example of when it’s morally ok to lie, and if he was right, what’s an example where it looks ok to lie but it really isn’t ok?
3. Kant focused on the intentions behind your actions when assessing the morality of the act, while Bentham and Mill focused on the consequences of your actions when assessing their moral worth. Of the two, consequences and intentions, which do you think is more important when it comes time to assess the morality of actions? Do good intentions save a bad outcome or vice versa? Make sure to provide some clear and specific examples in your explanation. Also note that while it’s possible to look at both intentions and consequences, for any act it looks like we can only really prioritize one of those.