Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

Is Shannon Vallor’s 21st century approach to a virtue based moral theory sufficient to solve or navigate this specific technomoral dilemma?

SELECT A SPECIFIC TECHNOMORAL DILEMMA — A MORAL PROBLEM UNIQUE TO THE 21ST CENTURY AND ITS EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES. [It may be helpful to select an issue from chapters 7-9 of Vallor’s book Technology and the Virtues, or from the many examples presented in Coeckelbergh’s book AI Ethics, but you are free to select whichever specific technomoral problem you choose.]
As an essay answering the following:
Is Shannon Vallor’s 21st century approach to a virtue based moral theory sufficient to solve or navigate this specific technomoral dilemma?
Would a consequentialist (ex. utilitarian) or other non-consequentialist (ex. deontological) moral theory be more useful? Why / why not?
______________
•    In your introductory paragraph clearly formulate a strong thesis statement – a concise declarative sentence that serves as the conclusion to the argument your paper is about to present.
•    The body of your paper should serve as plausible support for the conclusion you have drawn with your thesis statement. Remember, while you are arguing for YOUR position, you are not simply using your own anecdotal evidence

o    Clearly articulate a concise definition / understanding of the emerging technology relevant to your thesis statement. [Note: while you are articulating your own position, make sure you identify the origins of technical terms used, and directly reference / cite the relevant sources that support your understanding.]
o    Provide specific, cited examples of the current capacities and abilities of the emerging technology with which your paper is engaging.
o    Articulate the specific moral problem, or problems, that have already arisen, or may at a future point arise, from this emerging technology.

o    Do you agree / disagree with Vallor’s claim that to be moral is not about the direct consequences of our actions, or acting according to duty, but rather about the cultivation of a “good character” based on acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues?
    If yes, why? If no, why not?
    Clearly juxtapose at least one other normative MORAL THEORY against Vallor’s technomoral virtue theory. [Note: Be sure to use Shafer-Landau’s book A Concise Introduction to Ethics as at least one of your sources.]
o    How would Vallor’s idea of a virtuous person act in regards to the specific technomoral dilemma your paper is exploring?
o    Would acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues solve, or at least allow us to navigate, this technomoral problem?

o    Provide both quotations and citations from appropriate sources to support ALL of your claims. [Note you are free to bring in whatever outside sources you choose. But do your due diligence to make sure all of the sources you cite are reliable — remember the study from MIT how false / sensational information travels faster and farther via the internet than trustworthy information.]
o    Clearly explain or define any technical terms you use. [ex. “technomoral,” “virtue”, “virtuous person,” “categorical imperative,” “utilitarian,” “utility,” “robot,” “weak AI,” “panopticism,” “existential risk,” etc].
•    Your concluding paragraph should not introduce any new information. It should reassert your thesis statement as the conclusion to your argument in light of the evidence your paper has provided.
______________
PROOFREAD YOUR PAPER!!!
______________
FORMATTING REQUIREMENTS:
•    Papers must be 12-15 pages, typed, double spaced, 1” margins, 12pt Times New Roman font.
•    A cover page is not required, but if you include one, it does not count towards the total page requirement.
•    All quotations must be cited – either in footnotes, endnotes, or within the text in parentheses. There is no specific citation format required — MLA, APA, Chicago, etc — just be consistent.
•    Your paper will be graded on 1) clarity, 2) organization, and 3) quality of argument.
•    Carefully follow the instructions on the prompt.

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

How would Vallor’s idea of a virtuous person act in regards to the specific technomoral dilemma your paper is exploring?

SELECT A SPECIFIC TECHNOMORAL DILEMMA — A MORAL PROBLEM UNIQUE TO THE 21ST CENTURY AND ITS EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES. [It may be helpful to select an issue from chapters 7-9 of Vallor’s book Technology and the Virtues, or from the many examples presented in Coeckelbergh’s book AI Ethics, but you are free to select whichever specific technomoral problem you choose.]
As an essay answering the following:
Is Shannon Vallor’s 21st century approach to a virtue based moral theory sufficient to solve or navigate this specific technomoral dilemma?
Would a consequentialist (ex. utilitarian) or other non-consequentialist (ex. deontological) moral theory be more useful? Why / why not?
________________________________________
•    In your introductory paragraph clearly formulate a strong thesis statement – a concise declarative sentence that serves as the conclusion to the argument your paper is about to present.
•    The body of your paper should serve as plausible support for the conclusion you have drawn with your thesis statement. Remember, while you are arguing for YOUR position, you are not simply using your own anecdotal evidence

o    Clearly articulate a concise definition / understanding of the emerging technology relevant to your thesis statement. [Note: while you are articulating your own position, make sure you identify the origins of technical terms used, and directly reference / cite the relevant sources that support your understanding.]
o    Provide specific, cited examples of the current capacities and abilities of the emerging technology with which your paper is engaging.
o    Articulate the specific moral problem, or problems, that have already arisen, or may at a future point arise, from this emerging technology.

o    Do you agree / disagree with Vallor’s claim that to be moral is not about the direct consequences of our actions, or acting according to duty, but rather about the cultivation of a “good character” based on acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues?
    If yes, why? If no, why not?
    Clearly juxtapose at least one other normative MORAL THEORY against Vallor’s technomoral virtue theory. [Note: Be sure to use Shafer-Landau’s book A Concise Introduction to Ethics as at least one of your sources.]
o    How would Vallor’s idea of a virtuous person act in regards to the specific technomoral dilemma your paper is exploring?
o    Would acting according to the twelve technomoral virtues solve, or at least allow us to navigate, this technomoral problem?

o    Provide both quotations and citations from appropriate sources to support ALL of your claims. [Note you are free to bring in whatever outside sources you choose. But do your due diligence to make sure all of the sources you cite are reliable — remember the study from MIT how false / sensational information travels faster and farther via the internet than trustworthy information.]
o    Clearly explain or define any technical terms you use. [ex. “technomoral,” “virtue”, “virtuous person,” “categorical imperative,” “utilitarian,” “utility,” “robot,” “weak AI,” “panopticism,” “existential risk,” etc].
•    Your concluding paragraph should not introduce any new information. It should reassert your thesis statement as the conclusion to your argument in light of the evidence your paper has provided.
________________________________________
PROOFREAD YOUR PAPER!!!
________________________________________
FORMATTING REQUIREMENTS:
•    Papers must be 12-15 pages, typed, double spaced, 1” margins, 12pt Times New Roman font.
•    A cover page is not required, but if you include one, it does not count towards the total page requirement.
•    All quotations must be cited – either in footnotes, endnotes, or within the text in parentheses. There is no specific citation format required — MLA, APA, Chicago, etc — just be consistent.
•    Your paper will be graded on 1) clarity, 2) organization, and 3) quality of argument.
•    Carefully follow the instructions on the prompt.

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

Describe in detail a key specific and recent healthcare technology.

Option 1: The first option is to name and describe in detail a key specific and recent healthcare technology. What are at least two key moral problems this technology creates? What are the proper moral guidelines for dealing with it in your view? Compare your approach to what a utilitarian and ethical egoist would say (each independently). Consider whether differing ethical beliefs globally might or not agree with what you say.
You will submit the following:
An audiovisual presentation that presents one of the options above. Be sure to give equal time to each element. Doing a PowerPoint presentation with audio recorded on the slides is preferred. Please refer to the Narrated PowerPoint Tutorial located in the Required Resources in this assignment.
Please provide a transcript of anything said in the recording aloud that does not appear as text on a slide. This transcript can be provided as a Word document or placed in the Notes section on the PowerPoint slides.
The link or a scan of the article mentioning any health technology, social technology, or case you are reporting on. If you made up the case, please indicate that in your report. If you choose to do option #3 (the case about a shortage of transplant kidneys), your article would likely be an article about the shortage of transplant organs, or a shortage of people signing up to be transplant donors, or the status of educating people about being donors, etc.
Presentation Requirements
Length: 4-6 minutes narrated presentation
Slide length: 4-6 slides (not including title slide, conclusion slide, or references slide)
Title slide
Conclusion slide
References slide (minimum of 2 scholarly sources cited in APA format; not narrated)

Categories
Philosophy : Ethics

Are you surprised or alarmed that so much of your personal data is available in this ecosystem?

Instructions:
The advertising industry has undergone a dramatic transformation in the past decade.  In the past, advertisers had to guess where they could reach potential customers on television, radio and print.  Now, much of the advertising budget is spent online where advertisers are able to reach specific individuals who are most likely to buy their advertiser’s product or service.  Through Google they know what you have searched for and deliver ads for that.  Amazon knows what you buy and suggests products based upon that.  Facebook know a great deal about your life through your posts, you friends, your messages as well as any web site you sign in using your Facebook credentials.  By matching email addresses, mobile phone numbers, IP addresses, advertisers can identify who you are and where you live.  Superimposed upon this system is a network of data brokers who buy and sell data from online companies and assemble disparate pieces of data into a profile of individuals that undoubtedly include you.  There is hardly any regulation of this data ecosystem.  For an example, read the linked New York Times articles on data apps and the data they provide and respond to the questions below.
I have uploaded the documents.
Do you find any of these particular practices to be ethically questionable?  What are those practices?
Why do you think these practices are unethical using one of the ethical theories in your toolkit?
Are you surprised or alarmed that so much of your personal data is available in this ecosystem?
Do you think the system ought to be changed to eliminate these practices and, if so, what changes would you suggest?
You must start a thread before you can read and reply to other threads