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What is the main problem that is faced by law enforcement in protecting U.S. borders?

Contemporary criminal justice administrators must have familiarity with the rapidly growing issue of undocumented or illegal aliens in the United States.
Focus your discussion on sharing your opinions on the following:
What is the main problem that is faced by law enforcement in protecting U.S. borders?
What is 1 idea for how law enforcement or legislators can slow down the flow of illegal aliens into the United States?

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Analyze the evolution of sports law in one of your favorite sports

in 250-350 words discuss Analyze the evolution of sports law in one of your favorite sports and discuss the future of that sport in the context of the following article:  The Role of Law Within Sport PDF.
What did you find interesting about the article and the topic you selected?

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Why do agencies have policies for impounding evidence?

You are an administrative officer in a criminal justice agency, and a citizen calls you up to complain that one of your officers destroyed evidence instead of collecting it and impounding it into the evidence room. The agency has a policy that all evidence is to be impounded (seized) and transported to the evidence room. Additionally, state law prohibits the destruction of evidence.
Scenario
A coffee shop manager found a baggie of marijuana and a vial of hash oil that was left in the public rest room. The manager called your agency, and an officer was dispatched to the shop. The officer interviewed the manager and then explained to him that it was impossible to determine who the owner of the drugs is and that no charges could ever be pressed. Subsequently, the officer suggested that it would be best to flush the marijuana down the toilet and drain the hash oil down the sink. The manager agreed to the officer’s terms, and the officer instructed the manager to destroy the evidence. The manager destroyed the evidence in the presence of the officer.
Interview
You summon the officer into your office and ask him what happened. The officer explained that the manager agreed to destroy the evidence and that the officer made sure that he never personally touched it or destroyed it. The officer said that it would have been a waste of time to inventory the drugs, and do all of the paperwork, and transport the drugs to the evidence room downtown.
Begin your research by doing a Google search of the term chain of custody, and then answer the following questions in a 2-page paper:
Should an administrative investigation be conducted to determine if the officer violated any agency policies or state laws? Why or why not?
If the owner of the drugs is unknown and if no charges can be pressed for possession of drugs, is it genuinely a destruction of evidence case?
Was the officer ethically or legally obligated to impound the drugs, or was officer discretion more appropriate to determine if the drugs should be destroyed on the spot?
If identified drugs are not fully accounted for by officers by inventorying them and then impounding them, then is it possible for the drugs to be illegally used or resold on the black market?

Why do agencies have policies for impounding evidence?

What does the public expect in a case like this?

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Describe how at least two of these terms relate to current practices in the sports business.  

in 250-350 words answer the following: review the U.S. sports industry and key terms such as globalization,  internationalization, nationalism, regionalism, localization,  environmentalism, and globalization. Describe how at least two of these terms relate to current practices in the sports business.

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Can U.S. Citizen be tried by the military commission under the Constitution and laws of the United States?

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Ulysses S. Citizen (U.S. Citizen or U.S.), a United States citizen and long-time resident of Norfolk, VA, works at the Norfolk shipyard as a civilian. He is fed up with the United States government and decides he wants to join Al Qaeda in the ongoing war against the United States. (Note: Congress recently passed another Authorization of the Use Of Military Force which authorized the President to “use all necessary and appropriate force against Al Qaeda.”)
Unsure of how to proceed, U.S. begins doing Google searches for, “Ways to Join Al Qaeda.” Through his google searches and personal connections, U.S. finds a phone number for Alkida Leader (Al), Al Qaeda’s third in command. U.S. calls Al, who is in Pakistan, and asks to join Al Qaeda and help wage war against the United States. Somewhat hesitant that U.S. might be a double agent, Al does not invite U.S. Citizen to train with Al Qaeda armed forces in Pakistan, which all new recruits who join Al Qaeda must do. Instead, Al instructs U.S. that he could serve Al Qaeda best by bombing Norfolk, blowing up ships and killing as many civilians as possible. Al explains to U.S. Citizen that Norfolk has been a top, strategic target for Al Qaeda since the war started, but Al Qaeda has not yet had the opportunity to attack it. Thus, Al told U.S. that if he was successful, Allah would be pleased and U.S. could become a full-fledged member of Al Qaeda, with no limitations. Over the next few weeks, to prepare him for the attack, U.S. and Al spoke every day on the phone. On the phone calls, Al instructed U.S. in the ways of Al Qaeda and its beliefs, which U.S. eagerly accepted. Excited for his opportunity to serve Al Qaeda, U.S. constructs a bomb. U.S. then drives the bomb to the shipyard, uses his badge to enter, then places a brick on the gas pedal and sends the car and bomb into the shipyard. The bomb explodes as planned. One ship is damaged and 500 civilians are killed. (Note: targeting and killing civilians is a clear violation of the laws of war.) Immediately, U.S. Citizen is arrested. While detaining U.S. Citizen, the government gets a warrant to search U.S.’s apartment. During the search, the government learns of U.S.’s Google searches and phone calls to Al. U.S. recorded his first conversation with Al so he could listen to it over and again to make sure he did exactly what Al Qaeda wanted. Accordingly, the President orders that U.S. be tried in a military commission at Guantanamo Bay under the Military Commissions Amendment Act. This Act, passed by Congress one year prior to U.S Citizen’s arrest, authorized the President to “try by military commission, in accordance with the laws of war, anyone who is (1) part of Al Qaeda and (2) violates the law of war while engaging in hostilities against the United States.” “Hostilities” is defined in the Act as “any conflict subject to the laws of war.” The Amendment also gave the President broad discretion and authority to set the rules of procedure governing the military commissions
Question: Can U.S. Citizen be tried by the military commission under the Constitution and laws of the United States? Make arguments on both sides as to why or why not U.S. cannot be tried by the military commission. To answer this question, rely on the material studied in Unit 7, the statutes provided in the fact pattern, and other relevant cases or legal principles studied throughout the course. Explain Supreme Court cases in detail

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Should race be permitted to be used as a factor in national security investigations, like airport screening?

Question 1: Review the letter from William E. Moschella, Assistant Attorney General, to the Honorable Pat Roberts, Chairman, Senate Select Committee on Intelligence et al. found between pages 641-650. Discuss whether you are persuaded by the legal arguments made in the letter and whether the President should be able to take this action; then comment on whether the nature of Al Qaeda cuts for or against such Presidential action. Include Biblical arguments to support your answer. (200 words minimum)
Question 2: Review Farag v. United States and the ensuing notes. Should race be permitted to be used as a factor in national security investigations, like airport screening? What does the Court in Farag say? Do you agree with the court’s reasoning, legally and politically? What if the TSA adopted a program whereby law enforcement officials were permitted to use behavioral factors—like pacing, failing to make eye contact, overly protective of one’s luggage, etc.—combined with racial and ethnic factors to make a probable cause determination for an arrest at an airport? Would this program be constitutional? Biblical? (250 words minimum)
Question 3:  What did the Courts hold in Reid and Verdugo? That is, generally how does the U.S. Constitution apply outside our borders according to these cases? Are these cases consistent? Do their holdings reflect a textual, formal view of the Constitution or a more practical, malleable view of the Constitution? How should the Constitution apply outside our borders? (Minimum 250 words).

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Discuss the philosophy and role as well as provide a short history of drug courts.

Drug courts are a relatively new phenomenon in the American judicial system. Focus your discussion on the following:
Discuss the philosophy and role as well as provide a short history of drug courts.
Does the state in which you reside utilize drug courts, and if so, how successful have they been in reducing recidivism rates?
Would you recommend that all of the states utilize these courts to assist in processing drug cases?

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Write a memo to your local City Council regarding an issue in public safety

In the Unit 1 discussion, you examined several different examples of how research is used in public safety to find areas of improvement and how it became the foundation to improve practice. Recognizing the importance of research in public safety, your task is to write a memo to your local City Council regarding an issue in public safety that would benefit from research and to introduce to the City Council why adequate funding is necessary to support these research activities. Additionally, introduce to the members of the Council the potential issues that can occur if research is undertaken that does not adhere to the scientific method.
The specific steps are as follows:
Locate an issue in public safety, within your local community, where research could help improve a practice.
Construct a 2-page memo with the following sections:

Introduction to the issue
Explanation of the importance of research as it relates to your chosen issue
Overview of the scientific method
Potential  concerns when the scientific method is not used

The 2-page memo does not include the title page and reference pages in the page count.
Use no fewer than 6 scholarly resources.

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Conduct research to find specific examples of how research was used to show an area of improvement or that led to an improvement in practice.

Research is increasingly becoming an important and expected activity within public safety agencies. In this discussion, you will conduct research to find specific examples of how research was used to show an area of improvement or that led to an improvement in practice. While searching for your examples, be certain to focus on at least 2 different institutional scenarios within the public safety system.
The specific steps are as follows:
Engage in independent research by finding 1 example of research that was used to show a topic that needs improvement in criminal justice. Then find 1 example that was used to improve the practical application of something. Two different examples are required for analysis this week.

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When does an ethical issue rise to the level of moral turpitude?

You are a supervising administrative officer in a criminal justice agency. You learn that Officer X has reportedly been fraternizing with another man’s spouse. The man returned to his home and found Officer X in his bedroom with his wife. The man then went to your agency to file a formal complaint against Officer X. It is a violation of your agency’s policy for officers to fraternize with the spouses of other people. Officer X was reportedly off duty at the time.
Administrative Scenario: You are in charge of the administrative investigation. You must identify legal, ethical, and moral character violations that occurred. Review the following interviews:
Interview 1

You interview Officer X, and he denies being in the man’s home with the man’s wife and fraternizing with her. Officer X said that Officer Y is his alibi. Officer X said that he was with Officer Y at Officer Y’s house when the alleged fraternization happened.

Interview 2

You interview Officer Y, and he initially verifies Officer X’s story. However, under interrogation, Officer Y changes his story, and he admits that he was not with Officer X and that he lied for Officer X because Officer X asked him to do so. Subsequently, Officer Y is no longer an alibi for Officer X.

Interview 3

You re-interview Officer X, and he continues denying fraternization and denies being in the man’s home with the man’s wife. However, when you tell Officer X that Officer Y admitted to lying for him, Officer X admits to you that he lied and that he did fraternize with the other man’s wife and that he was alone with her in her home.

In a 2-3-page paper, answer the following administrative questions:
Did a fraternization policy violation occur? What is the purpose of having and enforcing fraternization policies? Why do agencies have fraternization policies?
Did Officer X lie during the administrative investigation? Did Officer X encourage Officer Y to lie for him?

Is this merely an ethical issue, or does it also involve moral turpitude?
When does an ethical issue rise to the level of moral turpitude?
When does a moral issue rise to the level of criminality?

If the media find out about this investigation, what will the public expect you to do about it?
Sometimes, the cover-up is worse than the original act itself. As a criminal justice administrator, what is the best way to handle this kind of situation?